Gum Disease/Non-Surgical Laser Therapy
What is Gum Disease?
Gum disease is your body’s reaction to bacterial growth and toxins that gradually destroy the tissue surrounding and supporting your teeth. Gum disease begins with plaque, which is always forming on your teeth, without you being aware. When it accumulates to excess levels, it begins to harden into a substance called tartar (calculus) in as little as 24 hours. Tartar accumulates and continues to harden becoming so tightly bound to teeth that it can be removed only during a professional cleaning.
Signs and Symptoms:
- Red, swollen or tender gums
- Gums that bleed during and after brushing/flossing
- Receding gums
- Formation of deep pockets between teeth and gums
- Loose or shifting teeth
- Changes in the way teeth fit together when biting, or in the fit of partial dentures.
Stages of gum disease:
Gingivitis is the inflammation of the gum tissue. Gums become irritated and swollen due to a plaque or tartar build up along the gum line. The gums may be sore, bleed easily and appear puffy, soft and swollen. No bone structure is lost around the teeth at this stage of gum disease. If oral hygiene habits are poor, gingivitis may progress to periodontitis.
Early and Moderate Periodontitis
Periodontitis begins when persistent inflammation of the gums advances into the deeper underlying structures and bone. At this stage plaque and (sometimes) calculus is found below the gum line. The gums may feel irritated, appear bright red or blue/purple, and bleed easily. The ligaments holding the tooth in its socket break down and the gums pull away from the teeth, resulting in a periodontal pocket or space between the tooth and gum. Regular dental check ups are very important in assessing your periodontal health.
At the advanced stage of periodontitis, the gums severely recede (pull away from the tooth); pockets deepen and may fill with pus. There may be swelling around the root and you may experience sensitivity to hot and cold or feel pain when brushing your teeth. This is due to severely receding gums exposing the root surface. As bone loss increases, your teeth may lose so much support they need to be removed to preserve the overall health of your mouth. Check your gums thoroughly and frequently, and go for regular dental checkups to detect early stages of gum disease, when it is easiest to treat.
Non-Surgical Laser Periodontal Treatment (Periowave™ )
Our office uses Periowave™ Laser disinfection to treat active pockets. Periowave™ Laser gum treatment is a therapy that can reduce or eliminate the need for traditional pocket reduction surgery. After routine scaling, we will apply a compound that is stimulated with laser light, to ignite a powerful free-radical reaction that destroys bacteria and associated toxins within the pocket. The procedure takes only 1 minute per treatment site and does not require any anesthetic. With regular dental treatment and a consistent effort on your part, the progression of gum disease can be stopped and further tissue destruction can be prevented.